Deep Earth exploration is a multi-disciplinary, complex undertaking aimed at understanding the structure, dynamics and evolution of the continents and their margins. Interactions between Earth’s tectonic plates produced the continents and oceans that characterise our planet while creating the mineral resources that support our standard of living. Active tectonic processes are also responsible for devastating hazards such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, and control Earth's surface topography, which fundamentally affect the climate, environment and our modern life. Therefore, it is of common interest to society worldwide to study the interior of the Earth and to gain fundamental insights into how our planet operates.
SinoProbe is funded for Earth exploration with an unprecedented scope and ambition by the Chinese Government. The overall aim of SinoProbe is to take a multi-disciplinary approach in studying the composition, structure and evolution of the continental lithosphere of China. SinoProbe-I, the initial phase of SinoProbe, was launched in 2008 and was successfully completed in 2016. This was followed by DREAM (Deep Resources Exploration and Advanced Mining) from 2016-2021 and Deep Geological Survey since 2016. These projects have provided researchers with rich data sets to image, sample and monitor the continent and underlying mantle at a resolution never before possible. These projects have enabled the scientists to make important breakthroughs and discoveries. The achievement of the past years have outlined a wide range of exciting scientific research directions and defined new questions to be addressed by SinoProbe-II.
SinoProbe insists on an "open door policy” in international communication and cooperation. In October 2018, the DEEP-2018meeting was held in Beijing. About 350 geophysicists and geologists attended from the United States of America, Canada, Russia, Australia, Japan, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden, Denmark, Turkey, Poland, United Kingdom, Ireland, India, Singapore and China. Some international attendees were principal and co-principal investigators of international deep exploration programmes, such as COCORP and EarthScope of the United States, LithoProbe and CCArray of Canada, AGCRC of Australia, and EuroProbe, TopoEurope, and AlpArray of Europe.
DEEP-2021 will emphasise recent global research on the deep Earth. The meeting will serve as a platform where participants can exchange ideas on progress in deep exploration of the lithosphere, better understand of deep processes in the Earth, expand the new knowledge into practical applications, and consider international collaboration on deep exploration of the Earth. DEEP-2021 will offer an unprecedented opportunity for establishing international collaboration within the earth sciences. SinoProbe-II will look for close partnership and collaboration through the DEEP-2021 platform, aiming for integration of exploration and research of critical geological study areas worldwide, and contributing to the international sharing of exploration data and results, with the overall objective of enhancing our knowledge of the Earth.